Dates fruit is one of the most high quality tropical fruits which only can be grown in particular regions of the world. Date palm is cultivated at special weather condition which this situation is available at limited countries in the world and Iran because of having diversity in weather situation has been successful in Date cultivation.
Date Fruit History
Date fruit palms are thought to possibly be the world’s first plant used by humans for producing food. Persian Gulf region is said the origin and are being cultivated since 6000 BC. In the pre-Islamic archeology, the agricultural settlement of the southeastern Arabia was predicated upon the domestication of the Date fruit palm in 2500 BC. Dates are also grown in North Africa west to Morocco and are just cultivated in southern California and Arizona in the US.
Date Fruit Growing
The Date fruit is grown on a Date palm tree, and it should be no surprise that they thrive only in hot dry climates. Commercially grown Date fruit palms are from offshoots to ensure desired Date variety qualities. The scientific name, Phoenix dactyliferous, refers to feather palms that may grow more than 100 feet and live more than 200 years and has been used as a source of food for thousands of years. Only the female Date fruit palm produces fruit, but you’ll need both a male and female tree for Date fruit production.
The Date fruit season really begins early in the year when we clean up the trees after the end of the dormant period. At this time, we have to start by cutting the thorns off of the Date fruit fronds. The Arabs sometimes call the Date fruit palm the “king of the oasis.” Palms are difficult to grow. The ideal environment for them is, as the Arabs put it, “with their feet in water and their heads in the fires of the heavens.” That is, they require maximum moisture and heat. First of all, for the fruit to start growing the tree must be pollinated. This means that a special dust (pollen) from the male tree must be blown (put) onto the female tree. One week after pollination, a very small white fruit.
Date Fruit Production in Iran
In recent years Iran is one of the leading Countries in Date production in the world, with annual production of about 900000 metric tons. Date palm is grown mainly in South, South East, and South West of the Iran. There exists a good opportunity and a large potential for trade in this commodity in Iran. In areas where frosts do not occur the Date palm is the most characteristic representative of irrigation agriculture.
Date Fruit Nutritive Value
All the kinds of Date fruit are rich source of high nutrient, minerals ( Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, man genus, Phosphorous, Potassium, selenium, sodium) , vitamins( A, B9, C), fatty acids ( Omega 3, Omega 6), protein, dietary fiber, antioxidants so all of various Date fruit helps and raises the immune system against diseases.
Date Fruit Health Benefits
The sweet Date, with lots of health benefits, is classified as fruits which have high amount of Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium and vitamins which are necessary for healthy body.
The fruit because of being rich source of Iron is one of the best way for treatment of Anemia and those who are suffered from this disease.
Date fruit also is considered as a nutritious food which is beneficial for those who exercise seriously.
The doctors believe that daily consumption of Date fruit can remove severe constipation and works as a laxative drug!
Its fiber content have positive and direct influence at digestive system functions and can be used as a fruit which is useful for all age groups .Date fruit is a sweet fruit which limited consumption of it is recommended for those who have diabetes.
This nutritious food can help to prevent fat accumulation and because of having beneficial substances can strengthen immune system against diseases .Date fruit consumption helps to regulate Thyroid gland and also is antibacterial.
This food causes to digest food better and also its calcium content is the main factor for bone strength.
It’s better to eat a Date fruit every day because it will help to better blood circulation. Date consumption with yoghourt is very nutritious and is the best food for those who are suffered from Anemia.
It should be noted that excessive Date consumption can lead to high blood pressure and cause to weight-gain and decay.
Vitamins in Dates
Dates are a good source of vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5.B6 and Vitamin C.
We are mentioned the main vitamins of Date fruit for you in here:
The Vitamin A in Dates is known to have antioxidant properties and is important for good vision. Vitamin A is also necessary to maintain healthy and glowing skin. Dates are very helpful in guarding against night blindness problems and this is one of best known health benefits of Dates.
Dates are a rich source of Vitamin B6 which has been shown to improve brain performance and related test scores.
Regular Date Fruit consumption to some extent remove different diseases are induced by lack of vitamin C in the body such as: tiredness specially in the winter , unwillingness and etc.
Vitamin E present in the Dates Fruit is a key to boost immune system , protects cells to damage ,and so latest researches has shown that Dates Fruit due to its high amount of vitamin E has direct influence on preventing cancer, heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and many other diseases.
There is different kinds of Iranian Date fruit which as have been mentioned. Iran has diversity in weather situation which can cultivate most kinds of Date fruits such as Mazafati (Kimia), Piarom (Medjool), Piarom, Zahedi, Kabkab and Sayer.
Mazafati Date(Kimia Date) that is appointed Date Bam and is considered as the most delicious kind of Date fruits in the world. The Date has dark purple tends to black color and also has soft texture.
Piarom (Medjool) Date
Piarom Date is another kind of Iranian semi-dried Date fruit that is grown in Hormozgan province .The Date is cultivated organically and free of pesticides and chemicals.
Rabbi Date is one of the important productions of Sistan and Baluchestan province. After Stamaran ,Shahani , Mazafati and Kabkab, rabbi Date is the most high quality Date in Iran.
Zahedi (Zahidi) Date can be considered as the most frequently used kind of Date fruit in Iran. The Date is a dry fruit with yellow color that is so effective for treatment of diseases such as Anemia and indigestion.
Kabkab Date is the most important and most abundant Date fruit of Khesht and Kamarj in the Kazerun and Dashtestan is Kabkab Date which is large and when become ripe its color turns in to dark brown.
Sayer Date is one of the exports Iranian Date that is allocated around 40% of total export of Date fruit to itself. The Date is a semi-arid fruit whose color is yellow but at ripening stage is amber-colored and reddish brown.
The main varieties and their specifications
Dates exporter of Iran